Mechanism of Social Capital in Community Tourism Participatory Planning in Samui Island, Thailand
Community participation as a strategy for local tourism development has become an important mechanism to promote sustainable tourism. This paper explores community participatory planning process in local tourism development on Samui Island, Thailand. Factors associated with participation of local people were examined in decision-making, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation phases. Result showed social capital as a driver in various stages can be considered as crucial mechanism for the success of the planning for local tourism activities.
คีย์เวิร์ด: Community participation, Social capital, Tourism planning
Participatory Management Process in Local Tourism Development: A Case Study on Fisherman Village on Samui Island, Thailand
This paper explores, assesses and discusses a community participation approach in local tourism development planning initiated by the small local community of Samui Island, southern Thailand, in order to understand the pattern of the participatory management process in local tourism development after tourist development has had a significant effect on the local community on the island. The research was conducted in Fisherman Village, Bo Phut Sub-district on Samui Island using both qualitative and quantitative data collection and analyses. This research successfully described the process of socio-ecological interaction on local tourism development. The results show the innovative approach of adapting the community participation concept to diversified local conditions. The process of community participation was assessed to understand the pattern and practice of local community for their tourism development. Factors associated with people's participation were also analyzed. The paper concludes that, along with the participatory management process, there was a significant role played by the local leader and by cooperation among tourism stakeholders in the planning and implementation that led the community to pursue local tourism development.
คีย์เวิร์ด: Community participation, Local development, Samui Island, Tourism development, Thailand
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